European Conference on African Studies (ECAS), 11-14 juin 2019 : Panels coordonnés par des membres de LAM
Tous les deux ans, l’AEGIS (Africa-Europe Group for Interdisciplinary Studies) organise un grand rassemblement académique consacré aux études africaines, réunissant 1 500 participants, venus de centres de recherche basés à la fois en Europe et en Afrique. Pour sa huitième édition, la Conférence européenne d’études africaines (ECAS) aura lieu à Edimbourg (Écosse, Royaume-Uni) du 12 au 14 juin 2019. Comme tout événement de ce type, il s’agit d’un beau moment d’échanges scientifiques, d’une opportunité précieuse pour rencontrer des collègues dispersés dans le monde, mais l’ECAS a aussi la réputation d’être une conférence particulièrement festive, avec un programme culturel alléchant et des soirées mémorables (avis personnel de l’auteure).
Pour présenter une communication à la conférence, il faut répondre à l’appel à participation en cours avant le 21 janvier 2019. Les propositions doivent s’inscrire dans l’un des 250 panels (!) qui constituent la conférence cette année. Le choix est donc vaste, et, en tant que carnet de recherche du LAM, nous souhaitons attirer l’attention sur quatre panels coordonnés par des membres du laboratoire.
Chloé Buire organise un panel intitulé « Affective Connections in the Formation of New Citizens in Africa » (code du panel : Anth44, lien direct : https://www.nomadit.co.uk/ecas/ecas2019/conferencesuite.php/panels/7876)
Vincent Foucher organise avec Jean-Hervé Jézéquel (Université de Bordeaux) un panel intitulé « The rural frontiers of Jihad: militant careers, political economies and network governance in West and Central Africa » (code du panel : Pol18, lien direct : https://www.nomadit.co.uk/ecas/ecas2019/conferencesuite.php/panels/7498)
Sylvain Racaud organise avec Adriana Blache (Université de Toulouse) un panel intitulé « Integration of peasantry into the Global Market: inconspicuous connections and opportunities on the fringes of large-scale investments » (code du panel : Econ21, lien direct : https://www.nomadit.co.uk/ecas/ecas2019/conferencesuite.php/panels/7752)
Céline Thiriot organise avec Augustin Loada (Université Ouaga 2) un panel intitulé « Democratic and Autocratic Transition » (code du panel : Pol26, lien direct : https://www.nomadit.co.uk/ecas/ecas2019/conferencesuite.php/panels/7640)
Modalités de soumission des communications
Chaque participant à l’ECAS ne peut présenter qu’une seule communication. Les propositions de communications doivent être soumises via le formulaire en ligne, en anglais ou en français, et comprennent les éléments suivants :
Les détails des frais d’inscription ne sont pas encore connus mais les organisateurs annoncent des forfaits de 120 à 190£ donnant droit à une participation sur 4 jours, pauses café et cocktail d’accueil inclus mais sans les déjeuners.
- Titre de la communication
- Nom et adresse mail du ou des auteur.e.s
- Résumé court (300 caractères max.)
- Résumé long (250 mots max.)
Toutes les informations sont disponibles en ligne sur la page de la conférence : http://ecasconference.org/2019/home
Descriptif détaillé des panels
Affective Connections in the Formation of New Citizens in Africa (Anth44)
Convenor: Chloé Buire (LAM | CNRS)
Chair: Elara Bertho (LAM-CNRS)
Short abstract: This panel interrogates the emotional work imposed by the new forms of citizenship that characterise African politics since 2011. We aim to explore the affective connections at play in the formation of political subjectivities where optimism and hopelessness seem so close to each other.
Long abstract: Since 2011, various popular movements have reshaped the practices and meanings of citizenship in Africa from the bottom up. These new citizens’ initiatives entered national debates through objects ranging from electoral mobilization (« Y’en a Marre » in Senegal), to constitutional change (« Balai Citoyen » in Burkina Faso), to public education (« FeesMustFall » in South Africa) or to the legitimation of civil society (« 15+2 » in Angola) but all have become symbols of a broader renewal in African politics. The literature has emphasized the growing mobilization of urban youth, the use of social media and the politicisation of popular culture (especially through hip hop). Less has been said about the emotional work imposed by these forms of politics that seem to grow simultaneously on both hope and suffering. Our panel zooms onto the intrapersonal and interpersonal affective capacities at play in the formation of these new political subjectivities.
How do activists navigate a complex map of emotions where fear and frustrations respond to feelings of empowerment and tangible change? If emotions are often said to be key in triggering political action, how do they sediment on the longer term? What is the afterlife of the affective connections born during the mobilization? How do we engage the emotional memory of a political mo(ve)ment?
The panel welcomes ethnographic explorations of the affects and emotions that sustain or undermine mobilization during and beyond moments of political climax. We also invite reflections about the methods we can use to include affects and emotions in our understanding of political subjectivities.
Direct Link for Paper Submission: https://www.nomadit.co.uk/ecas/ecas2019/conferencesuite.php/panels/7876
The rural frontiers of Jihad: militant careers, political economies and network governance in West and Central Africa (Pol18)
Convenors: Vincent Foucher (CNRS) and Jean-Herve Jezequel (University of Bordeaux)
Short abstract: Jihadi insurgencies in the Sahel and the Lake Chad Basin are now based in rural areas, kept away from the cities by the security response. The panel examines the traits and sustainability of the frontier societies the Jihadis have tried to create in these areas.
Long abstract: Stronger security responses have kept West African Jihadi movements away from core urban areas. In the Sahel, Jihadis have expanded beyond their initial presence in northern Mali, growing roots in rural areas from central Mali to Burkina Faso and Niger. They have exploited local grievances and disorders to promote rural insurgencies, drawing from various communities and developing forms of local governance, from security and education to land-use management. As for Boko Haram, it broke up as a result of the 2015 pushback from the Nigerian state and its allies, but has kept fighting from its rural strongholds. From the Sambisa forest and Gwoza hills, Abubakar Shekau has maintained an organisation based on extreme sectarianism, plunder and capture. The other faction, the Islamic State in West African Province (ISWAP), has taken another direction, spreading networks beyond its Lake Chad stronghold. Not without contradictions, it has recreated a resource base by taxing and exerting social control while offering economic opportunities, health and education services and dispute management to communities.
This panel intends to bring researches on the forms taken by West African Jihadi insurgencies, how they navigate the web formed by local communities, how they recruit and govern. Are Jihadi groups the latest form of frontier societies described by Igor Kopytoff as typical of the longue durée of West African history? Can they produce new societies and identities or are they fatally flawed, doomed to crumble under the weight of their own contradictions, of the local power games and of counter-insurgency?
Direct Link for Paper Submission: https://www.nomadit.co.uk/ecas/ecas2019/conferencesuite.php/panels/7498
Integration of peasantry into the Global Market: inconspicuous connections and opportunities on the fringes of large-scale investments
Convenors: Adriana Blache (University of Toulouse) and Sylvain Racaud (University of Bordeaux Montaigne)
Short abstract: The panel focuses on the integration of peasantry into the global market through inconspicuous connections and « informal » opportunities that result from the implementation of agribusiness models (e.g. large-scale investments, export-oriented outgrowers schemes, etc.).
Long abstract: The panel focuses on the integration of peasantry into the global market through inconspicuous connections and « informal » opportunities that result from the implementation of agribusiness models (e.g. large-scale investments, export-oriented outgrowers schemes, etc.). For the last years, the development of agricultural growth corridors (e.g. SAGCOT in Tanzania, ProSavana in Mozambique, etc. ), the introduction of new export oriented crops (e.g. snow peas in Kenya, « globalised » avocado in Tanzania, etc.) change how African agricultural territories are (re)integrating into the global agricultural market. Many studies explore these agribusiness models and highlight their controversial aspects (White et al., 2012; Kaag&Zoomers, 2014; Edelman, et al., 2015). From the capitalistic infrastructure in monoculture, to the various export-oriented outgrowers schemes fostered either by transnational firms or local entrepreneurs, these models reshape the geography of the productive areas (McMichael, 2016; Blache, 2018). However, the inconspicuous connections to the global agricultural market, i.e. arrangements of actors, places and networks that organize in less visible ways branches of large flows of globalized exchanges are not well documented. The multidisciplinary panel is looking for empirical studies on how local actors jump at the opportunity resulting from the implementation of agribusiness models. How the unprecedented co-existence of agricultural models creates new opportunities at the margins and generates inconspicuous connections ? How local actors manage to work these contested model to their advantage ? How inconspicuous connections and « informal » opportunities contribute to the integration of peasantry into the global market ?
Direct Link for Paper Submission: https://www.nomadit.co.uk/ecas/ecas2019/conferencesuite.php/panels/7752
Democratic and autocratic disruptions (Pol26)
Convenors: Augustin Loada (Université Ouaga 2) and Céline Thiriot (LAM/Sciences Po Bordeaux)
Short Abstract: How to explain sudden regime change in long lasting and established regimes, either in consolidated democracy or new look authoritarianism, in post-transition era? We aim to (re)assess the role and place of diverse factors and arguments in surprising regime breakdown.
Long abstract: Last years, some long-lasting and established regimes, being considered either as a consolidated democracy or as a new look authoritarianism have collapsed in an unforeseen way. For example, the popular uprising in Burkina Faso (2014) or the outburst of the conflict leading to a coup in Mali (2012) resulted in the overthrow of both incumbents, in unpredicted configurations. Were those events, unpredictable though? Where did the surprise come from? The transitology perspective of the 1990’s third wave, has long lived and is under critics. In this current « post transitologist » analytical period what are the perspectives left or opened to explain the specific regime (in) stability? Is there any replacing theory for regime change?
The aim of this panel is to (re) assess the explanatory variables and factors of disruption in the political order and propose alternative analyses of surprising regime breakdown. Three axes can be developed:
- Promoting a dynamic perspective. What defines the moment for change? Is there a generational effect? Is there a timeline?; how to historicize the dynamics of change?
- Characterizing « a system for change ». What is the relative importance of actors and institutions in the specific configuration of regime change?
- Locating the analytical tools and perspectives that are proposed. From an epistemological perspective, how to label the current analysis of regime change? What do they have -or don’t have- in common?
We propose to investigate various regimes breakdowns in Africa since 20 years, in a comparative perspective.
Direct Link for Paper Submission: https://www.nomadit.co.uk/ecas/ecas2019/conferencesuite.php/panels/7640